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niwa ishi

garden stone

Natural stones which are used as materials in composing a garden. They are classified into component stones (of a stone arrangement), preeminent ornamental stones, ornamental stones, discarded stones, and so on according to their use. They play an important role in attracting the observer's attention and in giving unity to the garden as a whole. They are generally named after the stone's place of origin or its shape. Each part of a garden stone is named as follows: the front is mitsuki; the side, mikomi; the top, tenba; the edge between the top and the face or the side, kata (shoulder); the concave part, shakuri; the projection, hana (nose).

Japanese Garden Dictionary: A Glossary for Japanese Gardens and Their History
(C) 2010 by Ono Kenkichi and Walter Edwards. All rights reserved.