A square pond, built mainly at temples. It is thought to have originated in India, and to have been introduced to Japan via China and Korea together with Buddhism in the Asuka period. Typical ponds are those using stone walls as shore edging, excavated at the Shimanoshō and the Ishigami archaeological sites. From the Nara Period, they were only made as threshold ponds in temples. It is also called hōkeichi.
Japanese Garden Dictionary: A Glossary for Japanese Gardens and Their History
(C) 2010 by Ono Kenkichi and Walter Edwards. All rights reserved.