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A constructed passageway spanning a river, lake, pond, stream, and so forth. Bridges used in Japanese gardens can be classed by material as earthen bridges, wooden bridges, and stone bridges. In terms of form, they divide into flat bridges, arched bridges, roofed bridges, and teikyō bridges (an arched bridge with an arbor on its center), and the like. Also, even in dry landscape gardens having no water, bridges are built on dry streams symbolizing water.

Japanese Garden Dictionary: A Glossary for Japanese Gardens and Their History
(C) 2010 by Ono Kenkichi and Walter Edwards. All rights reserved.