A style of residence developing from the shinden style and established during the Muromachi and the Azuchi-Momoyama periods. Characteristics of buildings which compose the style are square pillars (kakubashira), tatami-mat flooring and various types of sliding doors such as fusuma, shoji and sugito. The shoin, a ceremonial room for meeting guests, is the center of the composition of this style, and is characterized by decorative alcove (tokonoma), staggered shelves (chigaidana), and built-in desk (tsukeshoin).
Japanese Garden Dictionary: A Glossary for Japanese Gardens and Their History
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